Introduction to Hajj

Some two months after the completion of Ramadan comes the season of the great Pilgrimage to Makkah (Hajj), the birthplace of Islam, where an ever-increasing number of men and women converge each year from every possible corner of the earth as described in the following verses:-

And [mention, O Muhammad], when We designated for Abraham the site of the House, [saying], “Do not associate anything with Me and purify My House for those who perform Tawaf and those who stand [in prayer] and those who bow and prostrate.

And proclaim to mankind the Hajj (pilgrimage). They will come to you on foot and on every lean camel; they will come from every deep ravine.

That they may witness benefits for themselves and mention the name of Allah on appointed days over what He has provided for them of [sacrificial] animals. So eat of them and feed the destitute and poor.

Then let them complete the rites prescribed for them, fulfil their vows and perform Tawaf around the ancient House.”

Chapter 22:26-29

The origin of the Hajj, the Fifth Pillar of Islam, dates back to the Prophet Ibrahim (AS) and brings together Muslims of all races and tongues who don two simple white cloths in a powerful display of unity, equality and submission before Allah and then perform a series of rites in and near Mecca. All believers, if they can afford to and are healthy enough, must make this Pilgrimage at least once in their lifetime.

The Hajj must be made between the 8th and the 13th days of the 12th month (called Dhu al-Hijjah) of the Muslim lunar year.

Interactive map

The interactive map below is a broad outline of the rituals pilgrims perform during the days of Hajj. It is by no means a substitute to one’s own reading and research but should prove a useful aid to helping one understand the obligations during these sacred days.

Click on each day below to display a description of the rituals. A glossary of specific words is also incorporated within the text. Hover over the underlined word to reveal a translation or short explanation.

  • 8th Dhul Hijjah
  • 9th Dhul Hijjah
  • 10th Dhul Hijjah
  • 11th Dhul Hijjah
  • 12th Dhul Hijjah
  • 13th Dhul Hijjah
8th Dhul Hijjah 9th Dhul Hijjah 10th Dhul Hijjah 11th Dhul Hijjah 12th Dhul Hijjah 13th Dhul Hijjah

8th Dhul Hijjah

  • Remove unwanted hair, clip nails etc
  • Perform Ghusl or at least make Wudhu
  • Wear Ihram garments
  • Pray 2 raka'at (optional)
  • Make intention for Hajj as you start to make your way to Mina by reciting the Talbiyah:

Labbayka Allaahumma labbayk, labbayka laa shareeyka laka labbayk, innal-hamda wan-ni'mata laka wal-mulk, laa shareeyka lak

"Here I am, O Allaah, here I am. Here I am, you have no partner, here I am. Verily all praise and blessings, and all sovereignty are Yours. You have no partner."

  • Once in Mina, pray each prayer shortened and at its respective time
  • Spend the night here

9th Dhul Hijjah (Day of Arafat)

  • Pray Fajr
  • Make your way to 'Arafat any time after sunrise 1
  • Pray Zhur & Asr shortened & combined (jam' taqdeem)
  • Stay on the plain of 'Arafat until sunset & engage in intense supplication
  • After sunset, head to Muzdalifa 2
  • Pray Maghrib & Isha shortened & combined (jam' ta'khir)
  • Collect some pebbles for stoning
  • Spend the night here

10th Dhul Hijjah (Day of Sacrifice / Eid)

  • Pray Fajr
  • Engage in supplication and after sunrise head towards the Jamaraat 1

NOTE: Consult your group scholar regarding the order of the following rituals:

  • Pelt the big jamaraat only with 7 pebbles
  • Slaughter an animal (Hadiy)
  • Shave/trim your hair

Note: The Talbiyah stops upon the 1st pebble throw of the jamaraat

  • Head to Makkah and perform Tawaf al-Ifadah, pray 2 rakat sunnah behind Maqam Ibrahim, drink zamzam & perform Sa'ee 2
  • Return to Mina before Fajr of the next day 3

11th Dhul Hijjah

  • Pray Fajr
  • Collect remaining pebbles
  • Pelt all 3 jamaraat with 7 pebbles each (21 total)
  • Return to Mina camp
  • During the stay in Mina, pray each prayer shortened and at its
    respective time

12th Dhul Hijjah

  • Pray Fajr
  • Pelt all 3 jamaraat with 7 pebbles each (21 total)
  • If you have opted to leave Mina, depart before sunset


  • Remaining pilgrims, return to Mina camp
  • During the stay in Mina, pray each prayer shortened and at its
    respective time

13th Dhul Hijjah

  • Pray Fajr
  • Pelt all 3 jamarat with 7 pebbles each (21 total)
  • Depart Mina



Farewell Circumambulation: Perform Tawaf al-Widaa’ (with 2 rak’at sunnah behind Maqam Ibrahim) before departing Makkah.

This Tawaf need not necessarily be performed on the 13th of Dhul Hijjah but should be done prior to departing Makkah, whenever that may be.

Visiting Madinah

Whilst not a part of the Hajj, many pilgrims travel to Madinah to visit the mosque of the Prophet Muhammad (saw). As part of its Hajj package, Dome Tours will arrange coaches via the Hajj Ministry for the trip to Medina. All luggage should be taken as we will not be returning to Makkah.What to wear and buy in Madinah

Most people prefer to do their shopping in Medina. After the activity of Makkah provides a more serene atmosphere for shopping in comfort. It is particularly renowned for its books, clothes and jewellery outlets.

Places to eat

Unlike Makkah the emphasis in Madinah is towards modern fast food outlets, with most of the international names are available around the Haram.

Making the best of Madinah

Madinah is the city of the Prophet SAW, the city has a unique sense of tranquillity about it. At its heart is the Masjid un Nabwi established by the Prophet SAW himself and is his final resting place.

The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “Prayer in this masjid of mine is superior to a thousand prayers elsewhere, except for Masjid al-Haram and prayer in Masjid al-Haram is superior to one hundred thousand prayers elsewhere” (Ahmad and ibn Majah)

The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “One should undertake a journey only to three Masajid (with the intention of Ziyarat) Masjid al-Haram, Masjid Aqsa and this Masjid of mine.” (Tirmidhi)

The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said “Between my house and my pulpit, lies one of the gardens of paradise, and my minbar stands upon my pool of water.” (Bukhari, Muslim)

Etiquette of visiting Prophet Mohammad’s (PBUH) grave

Pray two Rakaat Sunnah in Al-Rawdah if possible

  1. Stand in front of the Prophet’s (PBUH) grave silently and convey Salaam to the Prophet of Allah
  2. Move right to the grave of Abu-Bakr and make Salaam
  3. Move right to the grave of Omar and make Salaam

Avoid the following:

  • Praying (Salat) facing the graves
  • Don’t touch or kiss the graves
  • Don’t circle around the graves

Women have allocated times to visit the Prophet’s (pbuh) grave and the Rawdah where praying 2 rakahs of prayer is particularly encouraged.

Finally, make your Du’aa facing away from the graves and towards the Qibla. If possible, prolong your stay in Al-Masjid Al Nabawi, especially Al-Rawdah – the area distinguished by its white coloured carpet as opposed to red elsewhere.